FSG is a LEVEL 4 B-BBEE
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HEAD OFFICE DETAILS
+27 (0) 86 1000 979
+27 (0) 86 5168 722
+27 (0) 83 7841 523
PO Box 17, Pavilion,
3611, South Africa
7 Cedar Road, Westville,
3629, South Africa
PSIRA Reg. No.
FSG has corporate
- and field agents in every Magisterial District in SA.
Bessie Braddock: “Sir, you are drunk.”
Churchill: “Madam, you are ugly but in the morning, I shall be sober.”
Nancy Astor: “Sir, if you were my husband, I
would give you poison.”
Churchill: “If I were your husband I would take it.”
History will be kind to me for I
intend to write it.
The truth is incontrovertible, malice may
attack it, ignorance may deride it, but in the end; there it is.
I am ready to meet my Maker. Whether my
Maker is prepared for the ordeal of meeting me is another matter.
It is a good thing for an uneducated man to
read books of quotations.
A woman went to the Doctor and said "When I
looked in the mirror this morning, I saw my hair was frizzy, my skin
wrinkly, my eyes bloodshot – what is wrong with me?".
The Doctor replied "Well the good news is that your eyesight is fine".
ALL THE SERVICES OF FSG ARE
A defining characteristic and
competitive advantage of FSG is that every
service of FSG is FORENSIC IN NATURE.
Prospective clients need to understand the significance
of this in their consideration of the services of FSG.
The word English word "forensic" derives from the Latin word
forensis, which literarily means OF LEGAL
Wikipedia defines 'forensic' as
application of scientific knowledge and methodology to legal
problems and criminal investigations'. This
definition certainly has merit, BUT FSG goes
further by adopting the following definition of 'forensic':
The application of a
skill, a profession, a science and/or a methodology for the
purpose of gathering, interpreting, preparing and presenting
evidence in legal proceedings IN A MANNER
that satisfies the measure of the applicable
BURDEN OF PROOF ('balance of probability' for civil
litigation and 'beyond reasonable doubt'
litigation), that satisfies the applicable RULES OF EVIDENCE
of the court that has jurisdiction, and that
complies with the
RULES AND REGULATIONS of legislation that is relevant for
the subject of the civil or criminal litigation in question.
The skill or
profession can be any of
those listed in the bulleted list at the bottom of this
page, BUT the
methodology referred to in FSG's definition
of 'forensic' is specifically that of
SCIENTIFIC METHOD (ie. the process of arriving at
conclusions by the application for DEDUCTIVE and INDUCTIVE
BALANCE OF PROBABILITY
means evidence that weighs to the degree of 50% + 1 in favour of one scenario in preference to another. BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT
means evidence that leads to the conclusion that there is no other
reasonable explanation that can be concluded from the evidence
It follows that of
evidence meets the BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT measure implies that it will
satisfy the BALANCE OF PROBABILITY measure of the BURDEN OF PROOF. It
also follows that a person can be found NOT GUILTY in a criminal
litigation proceeding, but can be found GUILTY in an associated civil
litigation proceeding. Perhaps one of the most publicised instance of
this was the investigation of OJ SIMPSON for the murder of his wife. He
was found NOT GUILTY (against the measure of 'beyond reasonable doubt')
of the crime of murdering his wife, but when sued civilly by his
deceased wife's family for damages suffered as a consequence of her
murder, he was found guilty on a 'balance of probability' of the murder
of his wife and ordered to compensate her family financially.
investigation, audit, risk management and tracing task perform by FSG is FORENSIC IN NATURE for three reasons:
these services are performed in the context of, or in the
anticipation of, one or the other form of LITIGATION. In fact,
FSG applies this standard regardless of what clients' stated
objective is for an investigation, audit, tracing or risk management
exercise. (Our experience is that a client's objective may be
amended by what is discovered by an investigation, audit,
tracing or risk management exercise. By adopting this standard, FSG can meet whatever the objective of a client finally
manifests to be.) Performing according to this standard has
three implications for FSG:
Evidence must be gathered
and presented in a manner that renders it admissible in
the court that will have jurisdiction in respect of any
Evidence must be gathered
and presented in a manner that will satisfy the
prescribed burden of proof of the INTENDED or the
The evidence gathered and
the presentation of that evidence must comply with the
rules and regulations of all legislation applicable to
the subject of the investigation, audit, tracing or risk
SECONDLY, FSG employs the
investigative methodology of SCIENTIFIC METHOD as SCIENTIFIC
METHOD is the internationally recognised standard of research,
under circumstance that FSG adopts the attitude that
INVESTIGATION is RESEARCH. In other words, evidence is concluded
by the application of both DEDUCTIVE and INDUCTIVE logic.
The application of
DEDUCTIVE logic is easy to explain and to understand.
Simply, something happens (a crime is committed; an
incident resulting in loss occurs). Using DEDUCTIVE
logic, the investigator identifies what clues/evidence
are exposed in terms of HOW, WHAT, WHO and WHY by the
scene of the crime/from an incident of loss. The
investigator then logically, IN A LINEAR FASHION,
follows the trail to which each clue/item of evidence
application and explanation of INDUCTIVE logic is
considerably more complex:
The concept of MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY is
one manner in which to explain the application
of INDUCTIVE LOGIC. Using the MEANS, MOTIVE and
OPPORTUNITY approach, the investigator first
seeks out a pool of suspects who had the MEANS,
MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY to commit the crime/cause the incident of loss in question.
The 'suspect pool' that is identified by
applying the principle of MEANS, MOTIVE and
OPPORTUNITY are then investigated. The MEANS,
MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY method is also the reason
why people can be successfully convicted on
CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE alone.
Another example of INDUCTIVE LOGIC is a
methodology employed by FSG that is perhaps best
explained by citing an investigation we
successfully concluded. The employees of a
certain company embarked on strike action, which
became protracted and polarized.. However, some employees chose
to not participate in the strike. One of these
was a mechanic who maintained the companies'
fleet of revenue earning vehicles. Several weeks
into the strike, this mechanic took a vehicle he
has just repaired for a test drive. At an
intersection a few metres away from the premises
of the company, the mechanic was shot dead,
execution style. The initial police
investigation yielded no evidence other than the
bullet that was removed from the victim's body.
There was no gun to match the bullet to. There
were no shell casings that might have yielded a
fingerprint. Fingerprints lifted from the
vehicle and body of the deceased failed to identify any
suspects. And none of the persons questioned by
the police claimed to have observed the shooter
or the shooting incident. In the absence of
evidence, FSG then asked the question 'What
evidence THEORETICALLY could have presented?'
We then make this the subject of our
investigation, on the premise that the answers
to this question could reveal evidence that was
previously overlooked. We had a lot to work with
as the police had conducted a thorough
investigation and we were only retained three years
after the incident. The first thing we did was
conduct our own reconstruction the scene of the
crime. This led us to conclude that if there was
any evidence, it could only be in the form of
witnesses who observed the shooting and/or the
shooter. We then identified all the methods and
routes the shooter could have used to escape the
scene and we plastered each route with posters
that described the incident and announced that
we were looking for anyone who saw the shooting
or the shooter. Within a few days a witness came
forward who not only saw a person fleeing the
scene with a gun in his hand immediately after
hearing a loud noise that could have been a
gunshot, but who also recognised the suspect.
Three weeks later we had the shooter in custody.
The resultant trial retuned a GUILTY verdict.
THIRDLY, FSG subjects the
criminal act/loss incident to scrutiny by whatever
professional or scientific expertise that could assist
to extract evidence from the incident and/or
from the persons who comprise the 'suspect
pool' identified as having the MEANS, MOTIVE and
OPPORTUNITY. We have a considerable range of such
professional and scientific expertise in-house, but it is neither financially viable or
practically necessary to accumulate all relevant
professional and scientific expertise in-house. What IS
necessary is the capacity to identify what professional
or scientific expertise can assist an investigation,
audit, tracing or risk-management exercise and to have a
network of such professional and scientific expertise
that is available to us on short notice. FSG has
established - and more importantly - MAINTAINS such a
network under circumstance that we have the CAPACITY to
ASSESS what professional and/or scientific expertise can
add value to a particular investigation.
In addition to IN-HOUSE
capacity in the fields of scientific method, forensic
investigation, investigative trade-craft, accountancy,
auditing, economics, law, criminology, sociology,
corporate governance, risk management, information
technology, computer forensics, engineering, electronics,
police administration, public administration, business
management, forensic questioned document analysis,
polygraphs, handwriting analysis and security management, FSG has
an active network of professional and scientific expertise
Crime scene analysis.
Vehicle accident scene
As FSG has a NATIONAL
FOOTPRINT, these resources can be made available ANYWHERE in
South Africa - and anywhere else - subject to concluding an
appropriate agreement with client.
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