FSG FORENSIC INVESTIGATORS & AUDITORS | TRACERS | RISK MANAGERS | GUARDS
SA's national litigation, corporate & government private intelligence, private/forensic investigation/auditing, loss & risk management specialists.
FSG  is a LEVEL 4  B-BBEE
Accredited Company

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HEAD OFFICE DETAILS
Telephone
+27 (0) 86 1000 979
Fax
+27 (0) 86 5168 722
Mobile
+27 (0) 83 7841 523
Postal Address
PO Box 17, Pavilion,
3611, South Africa
Physical Address
7 Cedar Road, Westville,
 3629, South Africa
PSIRA Reg. No.
1144490
Email Address
fohladbn@yebo.co.za


FSG has corporate offices in:
DURBAN
CAPE TOWN
JOHANNESBURG
- and field agents in every Magisterial District in SA.

_______________________

Bessie Braddock: “Sir, you are drunk.”
Churchill: “Madam, you are ugly but in the morning, I shall be sober.”

Nancy Astor: “Sir, if you were my husband, I would give you poison.”
Churchill: “If I were your husband I would take it.”


History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.

The truth is incontrovertible, malice may attack it, ignorance may deride it, but in the end; there it is.

I am ready to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the ordeal of meeting me is another matter.

It is a good thing for an uneducated man to read books of quotations.

WINSTON CHURCHILL
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A woman went to the Doctor and said "When I looked in the mirror this morning, I saw my hair was frizzy, my skin wrinkly, my eyes bloodshot – what is wrong with me?".
The Doctor replied "Well the good news is that your eyesight is fine".
________________________

 


ALL THE SERVICES OF FSG ARE FORENSIC

A defining characteristic and competitive advantage of FSG is that every service of FSG is FORENSIC IN NATURE. Prospective clients need to understand the significance of this in their consideration of the services of FSG.

The word English word "forensic" derives from the Latin word forensis, which literarily means OF LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

Wikipedia defines 'forensic' as 'the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to legal problems and criminal investigations'. This definition certainly has merit, BUT FSG goes  further by adopting the following definition of 'forensic':

The application of a skill, a profession, a science and/or a methodology for the purpose of gathering, interpreting, preparing and presenting evidence in legal proceedings IN A MANNER that satisfies the measure of the applicable BURDEN OF PROOF ('balance of probability' for civil litigation and 'beyond reasonable doubt' for criminal litigation), that satisfies the applicable RULES OF EVIDENCE of the court that has jurisdiction, and that complies with the RULES AND REGULATIONS of legislation that is relevant for the subject of the civil or criminal litigation in question.

The skill or profession can be any of those listed in the bulleted list at the bottom of this page, BUT the methodology referred to in FSG's definition of 'forensic' is specifically that of SCIENTIFIC METHOD (ie. the process of arriving at conclusions by the application for DEDUCTIVE and INDUCTIVE logic).

BALANCE OF PROBABILITY means evidence that weighs to the degree of 50% + 1 in favour of one scenario in preference to another. BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT means evidence that leads to the conclusion that there is no other reasonable explanation that can be concluded from the evidence gathered.

It follows that of evidence meets the BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT measure implies that it will satisfy the BALANCE OF PROBABILITY measure of the BURDEN OF PROOF. It also follows that a person can be found NOT GUILTY in a criminal litigation proceeding, but can be found GUILTY in an associated civil litigation proceeding. Perhaps one of the most publicised instance of this was the investigation of OJ SIMPSON for the murder of his wife. He was found NOT GUILTY (against the measure of 'beyond reasonable doubt') of the crime of murdering his wife, but when sued civilly by his deceased wife's family for damages suffered as a consequence of her murder, he was found guilty on a 'balance of probability' of the murder of his wife and ordered to compensate her family financially.

Every investigation, audit, risk management and tracing task perform by FSG is FORENSIC IN NATURE for three reasons:

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FIRSTLY, these services are performed in the context of, or in the anticipation of, one or the other form of LITIGATION. In fact, FSG applies this standard regardless of what clients' stated objective is for an investigation, audit, tracing or risk management exercise. (Our experience is that a client's objective may be amended by what is discovered by an investigation, audit, tracing or risk management exercise. By adopting this standard, FSG can meet whatever the objective of a client finally manifests to be.) Performing according to this standard has three implications for FSG:
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Evidence must be gathered and presented in a manner that renders it admissible in the court that will have jurisdiction in respect of any resultant litigation.

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Evidence must be gathered and presented in a manner that will satisfy the prescribed burden of proof of the INTENDED or the RESULTANT litigation.

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The evidence gathered and the presentation of that evidence must comply with the rules and regulations of all legislation applicable to the subject of the investigation, audit, tracing or risk management exercise.

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SECONDLY, FSG employs the investigative methodology of SCIENTIFIC METHOD as SCIENTIFIC METHOD is the internationally recognised standard of research, under circumstance that FSG adopts the attitude that INVESTIGATION is RESEARCH. In other words, evidence is concluded by the application of both DEDUCTIVE and INDUCTIVE logic.
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The application of DEDUCTIVE logic is easy to explain and to understand. Simply, something happens (a crime is committed; an incident resulting in loss occurs). Using DEDUCTIVE logic, the investigator identifies what clues/evidence are exposed in terms of HOW, WHAT, WHO and WHY by the scene of the crime/from an incident of loss. The investigator then logically, IN A LINEAR FASHION, follows the trail to which each clue/item of evidence leads.

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The application and explanation of INDUCTIVE logic is considerably more complex:
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The concept of MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY is one manner in which to explain the application of INDUCTIVE LOGIC. Using the MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY approach, the investigator first seeks out a pool of suspects who had the MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY to commit the crime/cause the incident of loss in question. The 'suspect pool' that is identified by applying the principle of MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY are then investigated. The MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY method is also the reason why people can be successfully convicted on CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE alone.

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Another example of INDUCTIVE LOGIC is a methodology employed by FSG that is perhaps best explained by citing an investigation we successfully concluded. The employees of a certain company embarked on strike action, which became protracted and polarized.. However, some employees chose to not participate in the strike. One of these was a mechanic who maintained the companies' fleet of revenue earning vehicles. Several weeks into the strike, this mechanic took a vehicle he has just repaired for a test drive. At an intersection a few metres away from the premises of the company, the mechanic was shot dead, execution style. The initial police investigation yielded no evidence other than the bullet that was removed from the victim's body. There was no gun to match the bullet to. There were no shell casings that might have yielded a fingerprint. Fingerprints lifted from the vehicle and body of the deceased failed to identify any suspects. And none of the persons questioned by the police claimed to have observed the shooter or the shooting incident. In the absence of evidence, FSG then asked the question 'What evidence THEORETICALLY could have presented?' We then make this the subject of our investigation, on the premise that the answers to this question could reveal evidence that was previously overlooked. We had a lot to work with as the police had conducted a thorough investigation and we were only retained three years after the incident. The first thing we did was conduct our own reconstruction the scene of the crime. This led us to conclude that if there was any evidence, it could only be in the form of witnesses who observed the shooting and/or the shooter. We then identified all the methods and routes the shooter could have used to escape the scene and we plastered each route with posters that described the incident and announced that we were looking for anyone who saw the shooting or the shooter. Within a few days a witness came forward who not only saw a person fleeing the scene with a gun in his hand immediately after hearing a loud noise that could have been a gunshot, but who also recognised the suspect. Three weeks later we had the shooter in custody. The resultant trial retuned a GUILTY verdict.

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THIRDLY, FSG subjects the criminal act/loss incident to scrutiny by whatever professional or scientific expertise that could assist to extract evidence from the incident and/or from the persons who comprise the 'suspect pool' identified as having the MEANS, MOTIVE and OPPORTUNITY. We have a considerable range of such professional and scientific expertise in-house, but it is neither financially viable or practically necessary to accumulate all relevant professional and scientific expertise in-house. What IS necessary is the capacity to identify what professional or scientific expertise can assist an investigation, audit, tracing or risk-management exercise and to have a network of such professional and scientific expertise that is available to us on short notice. FSG has established - and more importantly - MAINTAINS such a network under circumstance that we have the CAPACITY to ASSESS what professional and/or scientific expertise can add value to a particular investigation.

In addition to IN-HOUSE capacity in the fields of scientific method, forensic investigation, investigative trade-craft, accountancy, auditing, economics, law, criminology, sociology, psychology, corporate governance, risk management, information technology, computer forensics, engineering, electronics, police administration, public administration, business management, forensic questioned document analysis,  polygraphs, handwriting analysis and security management, FSG has an active network of professional and scientific expertise in the following disciplines:

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Medicine.

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Pathology.

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Crime scene analysis.

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DNA.

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Dactylography (fingerprinting).

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Chemistry.

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Metallurgy.

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Toxicology.

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Ballistics.

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Toxicology.

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Entomology.

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Pyrotechnics.

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Vehicle accident scene reconstruction.

As FSG has a NATIONAL FOOTPRINT, these resources can be made available ANYWHERE in South Africa - and anywhere else - subject to concluding an appropriate agreement with client.

Fohla Security CC t/a FSG FORENSIC INVESTIGATORS & AUDITORS | TRACERS | RISK MANAGERS | GUARDS
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